Work Experience -- in this section you give a one paragraph summary for each of your previous jobs. This should include starting and ending date, reason for leaving, job title and duties, and any special accomplishments for each of the jobs. Education -- gives a summary of all schools attended, degrees earned, and special seminars or training courses that you have attended. Honors and Awards -- it's a good idea to list any special awards you have received. Personal -- information about your hobbies and activities should be included. Others -- professional organizations that you belong to, computer or programming skills, articles or books published. References -- you can state something like, "references available upon request," or list at least 3 on your resume. It's important to include all of the basic information on your resume.
In using this format, the main body of the document becomes the Professional Experience section, starting from the most recent experience and moving chronologically backwards through a succession of previous experience. The reverse chronological resume works to build credibility through experience gained, while illustrating career growth over time and filling all gaps in a career trajectory. A chronological resume is not recommended to job seekers with gaps in their career summaries. In the United Kingdom the chronological resume tends to extend only as far back as the applicant's GCSE/Standard Grade qualifications.
As has been indicated above, the word resume comes from the French word resume meaning "summary". Leonardo da Vinci is credited with the first resume though his "resume" takes the form of a letter written about 1481–1482 to a potential employer, Ludovico Sforza. For the next roughly 450 years, the resume continued to be a mere description of a person, and included their abilities and past employment. In the early 1900s, resumes listed things like weight, height, marital status, and religion. It was not until 1950 that the resume evolved into something more than words written on scraps of paper. By then, resumes were considered very much mandatory, and started to include things like personal interests and hobbies. It was not until the 1970s, the beginning of the digital age, that resumes took on a more professional look in terms of presentation and content.
Many employers now find candidates' resumes through search engines, which makes it more important for candidates to use appropriate keywords when writing a resume. Larger employers use Applicant Tracking Systems to search, filter, and manage high volumes of resumes. Job ads may direct applicants to email a resume to a company or visit its website and submit a resume in an electronic format.
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